The 41 nationally-funded industrial R&D projects in the Hy2Tech programme can now go ahead. They are designed to advance technologies across the piece, to help create an EU-wide renewable hydrogen market
Tens of billions of euros will be required to clean up steel manufacturing and the EU needs to decide what route it should take to do this - whether to retrofit old coke furnaces, or build new gas-powered ones
Currently, countries can self-report emissions, based on proxy measures of other activity. Echoing initiatives in the EU, presidential science advisor Eric Lander now wants to use satellites and sensors to get better data.