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Healthcare-related artificial intelligence patent applications surge in China

Healthcare-related artificial intelligence patent applications surge in China
Healthcare AI patent applications in major countries and regions, 1985 to 2017

Fast growth in patent applications for artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare reflects the strong momentum behind medical technology innovation in China, according the Global Innovation Index.

ERC grants and Horizon 2020 projects in ICT and energy generate flurry of patents

ERC grants and Horizon 2020 projects in ICT and energy generate flurry of patents

The latest data from the European Commission shows research projects in ICT and energy, and ERC grants to carry out basic research, generate a large amount of intellectual property, including patents, copyrights, patents, trademarks and trade secrets.

SMEs in Spain and Eastern bloc introduce fewer innovations than rest of Europe

SMEs in Spain and Eastern bloc introduce fewer innovations than rest of Europe
Share of SMEs introducing product or process innovations 

The share of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in Spain and eastern European countries introducing product or process innovations is significantly lower than in the rest of Europe, according to the EU’s 2019 Regional Innovation Scoreboard.

The scoreboard ranks most regions in these countries in its lowest three categories.

Horizon 2020: Portugal wins most widening fellowships

widening fellowships

Portugal has been the most successful country in winning Widening Fellowships and Individual Fellowships under Marie Skłodowska Curie Actions (MSCA), according to the latest data. In 2018, Portuguese scientists won thirteen Widening Fellowships and 21 Individual Fellowships.

Uneven spread of international co-authorship in science publications across European regions

Uneven spread of international co-authorship in science publications across European regions
International scientific co-publications per million population

According to the 2019 Regional Innovation Scoreboard, there is a large variation in the number of international scientific co-publications within European countries.

Germany, Greece and the Netherlands have the highest degree of variety in terms of how their different regions perform.

Regional innovation scoreboard: big decline in Denmark, Germany and Switzerland

regional-scoreboard
Innovation performance change 2011-2019

Performance of regional innovation systems decreased in more than half of the regions of Bulgaria Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, according to the 2019 Regional Innovation Scoreboard published by the European Commission. Meanwhile, performance fell in all regions in Romania and Slovenia.

Commission foresight group spots 100 radical innovation breakthroughs with strong impact on global economy

ribri-report
The results of 100 radical innovation breakthroughs. Social innovations not included.

Growing impact of Horizon 2020 collaborations for UK science

Growing impact of Horizon 2020 collaborations for UK science
Change in the percentage of UK papers co-authored with US and Horizon 2020 partners (2004-2008 compared to 2014-2018).

According to a new report published by the Royal Society, the output of UK’s international science collaboration with the EU is rising faster than with the US. The share of UK papers co-authored between 2014 and 2018 with Horizon 2020 countries has increased by 9.9 per cent, compared to the 2004-2008 period.

Whose job will be automated? Czech, Slovenian workers at highest risk, OECD report says

The Czech Republic, Slovenia, Korea, Poland and Italy are the five countries with the highest share of employees who are at high risk of automation and need significant training to move into lower risk jobs, according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Up to six per cent of employees in the Czech Republic and Slovenia will need significant training to find new jobs. Keyboard operators, mining and construction labourers, plant operators and subsistence farmers are the occupations with the higher risk of automation. By contrast, workers in Belgium and Israel are best placed to keep their jobs as automation rises.

Businesses account for 70% of R&D expenditure growth in OECD countries

Businesses account for 70% of R&D expenditure growth in OECD countries
R&D expenditure trends in OECD countries, 2007-2017

Business investment in R&D continues to be the main global driver of R&D growth, according to the latest OECD data. In 2017, corporate R&D investment grew by 4.8 per cent and it now accounts for more than 70 per cent of all the R&D performed in OECD countries.

WIPO patent data reveals future industrial applications of AI

WIPO patent data reveals future industrial applications of AI
Patent families related to AI application fields emerged in the 1990s, with transportation and telecommunications overtaking all other field

An analysis by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) shows many sectors and industries are exploring the commercial exploitation of artificial intelligence. In addition to specific techniques and applications, the WIPO analysis identified 20 application fields that were mentioned in 62 per cent of all its AI patents.

Who are the top networkers in Horizon 2020?

Structure of the Horizon 2020 collaboration network
Structure of the Horizon 2020 collaboration network

Horizon 2020 is mostly about collaborative research projects: groups of researchers that come together from several organisations, from at least three countries, to perform EU-funded R&D. But clearly, some countries are more important than others when setting up these consortia.

Open science: European universities have more homework to do on data handling

Open science: European universities have more homework to do on data handling

According to the latest data from the European University Association (EUA), only 21 per cent of surveyed higher education institutions have policies on research data management in place. Another 38 per cent of universities were in the process of developing them. However, almost 40 per cent reported that they lacked or were not in the process of developing such policies.

Number of innovative companies soars in Estonia and Portugal, dwindles in 8 member states

Number of innovative companies soars in Estonia and Portugal, dwindles in 8 member states

In 2016, the share of innovative companies in Estonia increased to 47.7 per cent from only 26.5 in 2014, while in Portugal the share increased to 67 per cent from 54, according to the latest data from Eurostat’s Community Innovation Survey.

Spending less on more students puts higher education systems in danger, says EUA

higher education

A report by the European University Association (EUA) sees higher education systems in England, Greece, Ireland, Northern Ireland and Serbia to be “in danger”, citing funding cuts paired with increasing student cohorts over a nine-year period, from 2008 to 2017.

Over the same period, 12 higher education systems are “shrinking” or “declining under pressure” in countries where both public funding and size of student body have been decreasing since 2008.

Patenting gap widens as EPO reports overall filings growth

epo-data-patents-2018

Germany remains Europe’s top patent holder with 26,734 European patents applications filed in 2018, a 4.7 per cent increase compared to 2017. This represents Germany’s fastest growth since 2010. In contrast, ten EU member states filed less than 100 patents each.

According to the latest data from the European Patent Office, the number of German patent applications grew significantly in the automotive sector and related areas, such as sensors and other measuring devices.

Women make up only 33% of researchers in EU

women-researchers

The proportion of women researchers in the EU remains low, according to data presented in the “SHE FIGURES 2018” report by the European Commission. In 2015, women represented only 33.4 per cent of researchers in EU’s 28 member states. This proportion hasn’t changed much since 2012, when women represented 33 per cent of researchers.

EU reports uneven spread of renewable energy despite overall increase

EU reports uneven spread of renewable energy despite overall increase

In 2017, only 19.5 per cent of the total energy used for heating and cooling in the EU came from renewable sources. 

Despite a nearly two fold increase compared to 2004, when only 10.4 per cent of the energy used for heating and cooling came from renewables, the distribution of renewable energy across member states is uneven.

US and China lead investments in artificial intelligence start-ups

Total estimated investments in AI start-ups ($ billion), 2011-2017

Total estimated investments in AI start-ups ($ billion), 2011-2017

Private investment in artificial intelligence (AI) start-ups is growing, mainly in the US and China, according to an OECD analysis of Crunchbase data.

Mind the gap: EU members struggling to meet 2020 renewable energy targets

Mind the gap: EU members struggling to meet 2020 renewable energy targets

Fewer than half of EU’s member states have reached their national 2020 targets for energy consumption from renewable sources. According to the latest Eurostat data, 17 member states were still falling short of their targets in 2017.