- Cloud and edge computing: €1.2 billion in state aid in seven EU countries
- EU holds R&I collaboration talks with Latin American and Caribbean officials
- Commission report looks to the future of the Food 2030 initiative
- NASA launches US Greenhouse Gas Center to aid data analysis
- More Europeans entering tertiary education
- ERC warns researchers on use of AI in proposals
Horizon Europe is well underway, but the world of European R&D policy goes well beyond the confines of the €95.5 billion R&D programme. EU climate, digital, agriculture and regional policies all have significant research and innovation components. National governments often come up with new R&D policies, decide to fund new research avenues, and set up international cooperation deals. This blog aims to keep you informed on all of that and more.
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The European Commission has greenlighted €1.2 billion in public funding for cloud computing research, development and employment in seven EU countries.
The funding is part of the Important Project of Common European Interest (IPCEI) on next generation cloud infrastructure and services. It allows EU countries to jointly fill investment gaps to produce breakthrough innovation by exempting projects from prohibitions to state aid.
The seven countries are France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, and Spain.
Senior EU officials have met with representatives of Latin American and Caribbean countries to discuss further cooperation as part of the EU-CELAC Joint Initiative on Research and Innovation (JIRI).
The two parties discussed closer cooperation on areas such as biodiversity, marine research, urban transitions, agriculture, digital transformation and health research, as well as the broader topics of researcher mobility, research infrastructures and open science.
This senior officials meeting, which took place on November 28 and 29, follows on from the EU-CELAC summit this summer and continues the work on a modernised bi-regional R&I roadmap, which is set to be updated in 2024.
The two sides also agreed to set up new working groups on global challenges and innovation to go along with the already existing working group on research infrastructures.
The European Commission has published a new report providing an update on its Food 2030 initiative, which was launched in 2016 to steer research and innovation policy towards more health and sustainable food systems.
The report includes policy reflections related to Horizon Europe, the farm-to-fork strategy, and the European Green Deal.
It sets out eleven pathways for action where R&I can deliver benefits, and stresses the importance of an interdisciplinary approach.
The US has launched a new centre bringing together datasets on greenhouse gas emissions to help scientists, officials and members of the public to delve into sources of climate change.
Launched during the COP28 climate conference in the United Arab Emirates, NASA said the US Greenhouse Gas Center would initially contain datasets on greenhouse gas emissions from human activities; natural sources and sinks of gas on land and ocean; and methane emissions.
“Built on open-source principles, the U.S. Greenhouse Gas Center’s datasets, related algorithms, and supporting code are fully open sourced. This allows anyone to test the data, algorithms, and results,” the agency said in a press release.
The EU is set to reach its target of 45% of young people in tertiary education five years early, according to a new report on education and training across the block.
In 2022, 42% of 25-34 year olds had completed some form of tertiary education, up 0.6% on the year before, according to the Education and Training Monitor 2023.
But progress is wildly divergent across the EU. In Ireland, 62.3% of young people have completed tertiary education, whereas in Romania that figure is 24.7%.
The Scientific Council of the European Research Council has issued a brief warning to researchers that using AI when writing proposals does not mean they can cut corners on checking acknowledgments, for example.
“Researchers regularly seek input from AI technologies or human third parties, for example to brainstorm or generate ideas, to search the literature, and to revise, translate or summarise text,” it said in a statement.
However, “use of external help in preparing a proposal does not relieve the author from taking full and sole authorship responsibilities with regard to acknowledgements, plagiarism and the practice of good scientific and professional conduct," the council cautioned.
A new analysis of noncommunicable diseases in Europe has issued a series of recommendations to tackle conditions like cancer and cardiovascular disease, including improving air quality.
These diseases account for 90% of deaths in the EU and take up at least a quarter of national health spending.
To tackle this burden, the Partnership for Health System Sustainability and Resilience EU Expert Advisory Group wants far more investment in prevention and early detection, for example, and better data.
Over 1.2 million students, professors and auxiliary education staff benefited from the EU’s higher education mobility programme Erasmus+ in 2022, the new annual report shows. It brings the total number of participants to 13.7 million since the programme was launched in 1987.
The past year marked a bounceback from the COVID-impacted years in 2020 and 2021 when fewer mobilities could take place. In 2020, there were 60% fewer than the average between 2016 and 2019. Prior to the pandemic, around 1 million mobilities were funded each year.
The Erasmus+ budget for 2021-2027 is nearly double than during the previous seven-year period at over €26.2 billion. Just over €4 billion was spent in 2022, an increase of 38% on the previous year.
Normund Popens is to take over as deputy director-general in charge of ‘Innovation, Digital Education, and International Cooperation’ and also Culture, Creativity and Sport in the European Commission’s education and culture directorate, DG EAC.
The Latvian national will move from his current position as deputy director-general for ‘Implementation and International Relations' at the regional and urban policy directorate, DG REGIO. A precise date for this switch has not yet been specified.
While working at DG REGIO, Popens is attributed with leading the negotiations and implementation of more than 300 Cohesion policy programmes around the EU. The EU’s Cohesion policy is made up of several funding schemes to help support regions or nations lagging in development.
Companies that receive EU research grants record on average a 20% increase in employment and 30% in total assets and revenues, according to latest European Commission study.
The positive impact persists even after the 2.5 years that it takes, on average, to complete a Horizon project. But not all sectors reap the benefits. The biggest winners are companies that fall within ICT and professional, scientific and technical activity categories. In many other sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing and transport, the effects are negligible.
The study analysed the performance of 40,000 companies that had received Horizon 2020 grants.